Assessing Robotics Skills in Early Childhood: Development and Testing of a Tool for Evaluating Children’s Projects


  • Madhu Govind Tufts University
  • Marina Umaschi Bers Tufts University



rubric, project-based assessment, programming, robotics, early childhood


Children’s robotics skills can be assessed in various ways, one being examining the unique projects that they create. This paper discusses the multi-phase development and testing of a robotics project rubric. The rubric considers both the programming concepts and the aesthetic design elements of a project, which enables researchers and practitioners to determine the overall level of complexity exhibited in the robotics project. This paper presents the background literature and theoretical framework that contributed to the rubric design and summarizes findings from iteratively developing and testing the rubric with a total of 173 robotics projects. Implications for future research and practice are also discussed.


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How to Cite

Govind, M., & Bers, M. (2021). Assessing Robotics Skills in Early Childhood: Development and Testing of a Tool for Evaluating Children’s Projects. Journal of Research in STEM Education, 7(1), 47–68.




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